Pakistan has further improved its position on the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) in 2020 thanks to the ongoing counter-terrorism operations undertaken by the Pakistani military and security forces against a number of terrorist
organizations. According to GTI 2020 report, Pakistan has dropped two places to 7th in 2019 from 5th in 2018 on the GTI, indicating a significant improvement in the overall security situation of the country.
Note that the lower the rank on the GTI, the safer the country is considered. In 2019, Pakistan witnessed 279 terrorism incidents in which 300 people died and 654 people got injured, a 45% decline from the 543 deaths in 2018. It is also the lowest number of terrorism-related deaths Pakistan has reported since 2006.
Balochistan and KP were the most impacted provinces in 2019, accounting for 77% of terrorist attacks and 85% of deaths.Last year’s deadliest incident was reported in Hazar Ganji, Quetta, when a suicide bomber detonated at a market targeting the Hazara community which left 20 dead and 48 injured. Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) emerged as the deadliest terrorist group in Pakistan as it was responsible for 73 out of 300 deaths reported last year.
TTP was followed by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) and Hizb-ul-Ahrar (HuA) who claimed 21 and 20 lives respectively. Collectively, the three deadliest groups accounted for 38% of terror-related deaths in 2019.
The report states that the number of deaths and terrorist incidents in Pakistan has decreased by 87% and 86% respectively after peaking in 2013.Of the 37 terror groups active in Pakistan in 2015, only 10 were active in 2020, the report concludes.